Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT)
CBT is recommended for a variety of disorders, including depression, anxiety, phobias, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), schizophrenia and bi-polar disorder.
Combining cognitive therapy and behaviour therapy CBT focuses on how you think about the things going on in your life – your thoughts, images, beliefs and attitudes (your cognitive processes) – and how this impacts on the way you behave and deal with emotional problems. It then looks at how you can change any negative patterns of thinking or behaviour that may be causing you difficulties. In turn, this can change the way you feel.
Together with the therapist, you will explore what your problems are and develop a plan for tackling them. You will learn a set of principles that you can apply whenever you need to. You may find them useful long after you have left therapy.
CBT may focus on what is going on in the present rather than the past. However, the therapist may also look at how your past experiences impact on how you interpret the world now.
Being encouraged to challenge automatic negative thoughts surrounding distressing or stressful situations may help to reduce the amount of worry associated with them, and can even increase self-esteem.